Blood Clot Symptoms
Blood clots are essentially normal processes in the body. When a specific part of the body is damaged, platelets are called into the area and begin to release chemicals that form a plug. This is especially observed in bleeding situations. Because blood should flow continuously from and to the heart, it needs to be mobile in order to transport oxygen to the different parts of the body. A blood clot then results if the blood does not circulate or flow adequately.
The Causes of Blood Clot
Internally, Blood Clot Symptoms occur at microscopic or surface levels. It happens when the linings of the blood vessel is damaged. The blood vessel can be a vein or an artery. In addition, here are a few terminologies related to the causes of blood clot:
a) Venous thrombosis. This is the resulting condition when blood clot occurs in the vein. The clots can gradually accumulate after forming in the linings of the vein and can obstruct blood flow to the heart. As a result, the blood is not given oxygen.
b) Arterial thrombosis. This is the resulting condition when the blood clot occurs in the arteries. This is the common cause of conditions like stroke, heart attack, or peripheral artery disease.
c) Atrial Fibrillation. This condition is found in the heart, and it happens when the upper chambers (the atria) fails to contract in order to pump blood back for circulation in the body. In this case, if the muscles of the heart do not contract normally, blood is left stagnant in the linings of the atria and over time, a blood clot occurs.
d) Bleeding. Bleeding happens when a blood vessel is cut and blood leaks out of it. By way of nature, the blood clot that results from this is perceived normal as it stops blood from flowing out of the body. Additionally, beneficial blood clots also occur inside the body like in broken bones. Nosebleed is also another indication of bleeding.
The Symptoms of Blood Clot
Blood Clot Symptoms are categorized into two according to the type of blood vessel affected. These symptoms are as follows:
Often, these symptoms manifest themselves in the arms and in the legs. These symptoms result from the de-oxygenation of blood.
b) Loss of function and sensation
c) Paralysis or weakness and whitening of the limbs
d) Bloody diarrhea
Unlike venous clots, arterial clots occur as a result of the blood’s deprivation of oxygen. As a consequence, pain is experienced because a specific organ in the body does not receive oxygenated blood. If it persists, it can lead to loss of sensation or function. This is where stroke commonly happens. At other times, an individual may experience paralysis due to the inability of muscles to move due to lack of oxygen. Finally, if the clot occurs in an area where the bowel is, it can result to bloody diarrhea.
Diagnosis of Blood Clot
Blood clots are diagnosed by obtaining a patient’s medical history. Afterwards, the conditions or factors leading to the blood clot are determined.
Treatment of Blood Clot
The treatment of blood clot depends on the affected area. Here are some of the treatment mechanisms:
Venous Blood Clot
If the clot happens in the superficial system of the veins (meaning it is closer to the surface), it can be treated by administering a warm compress and ibuprofen or acetaminophen. This is called symptomatic care which is aimed at alleviating the symptoms since the clot is not deep within the nerves or is near the lungs.
If the clot occurs in a deeper section of the veins, anticoagulation is required of the patient. This is to prevent the clot from accumulating and to prevent the lungs from being embolized. An injection of a medicine called Lovenox is done in order to thin the clot.
Arterial clots are a riskier type and often requires surgery to remove the clot. As an alternative, a medicine is given to the patient in order to dissolve the clot and to restore the supply of blood on the affected part. A more complex medical procedure is called cardiac catheterization where a balloon is used to open the affected area and keep it open through a stent.